The Convection And Moisture EXperiment (CAMEX) is a series of field research investigations sponsored by the Earth Science Enterprise of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The fourth field campaign in the CAMEX series (CAMEX-4) took place on 16 August - 24 September, 2001 and was based out of Jacksonville Naval Air Station, Florida. CAMEX-4 was focused on the study of tropical cyclone (hurricane) development, tracking, intensification, and landfalling impacts using NASA-funded aircraft and surface remote sensing instrumentation. HAMSR flew aboard the ER-2.
The Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes (TCSP) Program is an Earth science field research investigation sponsored by the Science Mission Directorate of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The field phase was conducted during the period July 1-27, 2005 out of the Juan Santamaria Airfield in San Jose , Costa Rica . The TCSP field experiment flew 12 NASA ER-2 science flights, including missions to Hurricanes Dennis and Emily, Tropical Storm Gert and an eastern Pacific mesoscale complex that may possibly have further developed into Tropical Storm Eugene. HAMSR again flew aboard the NASA ER-2 aircraft.
The NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA) campaign is a field research investigation sponsored by the Science Mission Directorate of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This mission was based in the Cape Verde Islands, 350 miles off the coast of Senegal in west Africa. Commencing in August 2006, NASA scientists employed surface observation networks and aircraft to characterize the evolution and structure of African Easterly Waves (AEWs) and Mesoscale Convective Systems over continental western Africa, and their associated impacts on regional water and energy budgets.
The Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) experiment is a new field experiment in 2010 that will be conducted to better understand how tropical storms form and develop into major hurricanes. NASA plans to use the DC-8 aircraft and the Global Hawk Unmanned Airborne System (UAS) and is soliciting proposals for instruments that can achieve the measurement requirements. GRIP deployment is planned for August - September 2010 in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, for the DC-8, and in NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility, California, for the Global Hawk, during the summer of 2010. HAMSR flew aboard the Global Hawk during this campaign.
A NASA Global Hawk aircraft completed the third and final flight of the Winter Storms and Pacific Atmospheric Rivers, or WISPAR, field campaign March 10, 2011. The long-duration flights over the Pacific Ocean explored atmospheric rivers and Arctic weather and collected targeted observations designed to improve operational weather forecasts. HAMSR flew aboard the Global Hawk during this campaign.
The Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) is a five-year mission specifically targeted to investigate the processes that underlie hurricane formation and intensity change in the Atlantic Ocean basin. HS3 is motivated by hypotheses related to the relative roles of the large-scale environment and storm-scale internal processes. Field measurements will take place for one month each during the hurricane seasons of 2012-2014. HAMSR flew aboard the Global Hawk during this campaign.
CalWater is a field campaign focusing on two key phenomena that play key roles in the variability of the water supply and the incidence of extreme precipitation events along the West Coast of the United States.
Targeted observations from aircraft in oceanic regions could significantly improve how well weather models forecast significant events such as (1) tropical storms, (2) winter storms and (3) major floods. The long duration and large oceanic areas that can be observed using advanced UAS such as the Global Hawk make this UAS a potentially important observing platform, for environmental assessment and forecasting.